Does ID Make Testable Scientific Predictions?
|April 18, 2011||Posted by Jonathan M under Intelligent Design|
I was recently engaged in correspondance with someone who told me that the theory of ID isn’t scientific because it doesn’t make scientific predictions. We’ve all heard it, right? Indeed, most of you are probably bored to tears having had to address, and respond to, this argument over and over, seemingly to no avail. As with so many things in this discussion, the constantly re-iterated response seems to repeatedly fall on deaf ears.
So, I took a few moments to ‘brain storm’ and jot down those scientific predictions, made by ID, which immediately came to mind. This is what I came up with:
Predictions In Astronomy/Cosmology
- ID predicts that the Universe had a beginning.
- ID predicts an increase (and not a decrease), as science progresses, in the number of finely-tuned parameters pertinent to the laws and constants of physics.
Predictions in Biology
- ID predicts the presence of specified complexity in living systems.
- ID predicts that, as scientific research progresses, biological complexity will be seen to increase over time, and information will have a more and more central role in the governing of life’s operations.
- ID predicts an increase in evidence for the non-adequacy of the DNA-centric view of living systems.
- ID predicts that complex molecular convergence will happen routinely.
- ID predicts the presence of irreducible complexity with respect to macromolecular systems and organelles.
- ID predicts that the prevalence of functional protein folds with respect to combinatorial sequence space will be extremely small.
- ID predicts that evolutionary pathways to new protein functions will require multiple co-ordinated non-adaptive mutations (more so than likely to be achieved by a random process).
- ID predicts that DNA, which was once considered to be junk, will turn out to be functional after all.
- ID predicts delicate optimisation and fine-tuning with respect to many features associated with biological systems.
- ID predicts that organisms will exhibit in-built systems which promote evolvability (e.g. front loading).
Predictions in Paleontology
- ID predicts the observed pattern of the fossil record whereby morphological disparity precedes diversity.
- ID predicts saltational, or abrupt, appearance of new life forms without transitional precursors.
Those were the predictions which immediately came to mind, and I am sure they are non-exhaustive.
What about you? How many scientific predictions can you think of?
[UPDATE: Several criticisms of the predictions offered here have now been addressed here.]